Primary General Science Glossary

This is a general primary science glossary. For class specific glossaries please go to the specific subjects

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Adaptation is the process by which living creatures (animals and plants) adapt or evolve to survive in their environment and to live amongst a specific group of other living things. 

Air resistance

Air resistance is the force on an object moving through air. Air resistance affects how fast or slowly objects move through the air. 


In an electrical circuit, the battery is the cell that makes electricity.


Canines are teeth used for tearing and ripping food. Children learn about them as part of their study of teeth and how to take care of them.


Carnivores are animals who eat mainly meat and hunt their prey. 


A circuit is a closed loop for electricity to travel around. In primary school children learn about simple series circuits in which a single wire runs from a battery to a bulb and back again.

Circulatory system

The circulatory system is is the network of organs (including the heart) and vessels that allows the flow of blood, nutrients and oxygen around the body.


Condensation is to turn from a gas into a liquid. In the water cycle, the evaporated water in the air cools and turns back into a liquid.


A conductor is an object that allows electricity to flow through it easily. Objects made of metal are good conductors. 


Within a food chain, a consumer consumes a producer (usually a plant) or another consumer by eating it. Consumers can be primary, secondary, tertiary, etc consumers depending on their position in the food chain. Consumers are also called predators of the animals they eat; animals eaten by other animals are prey.

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